–Civil Engineering (CE)–
–Civil Engineering (CE)–
Candidate qualifying for GATE Exam 2021/2022 in Civil Engineering stream, can secure an admission in IITs/IISc and explore career opportunity in PSU Jobs. Aspirants of Gate Civil i.e. those who are appearing for GATE 2021 Civil Engineering Exam, are required to understand syllabus thoroughly before starting preparation.
- algebra; Systems of linear equations; Eigen values and Eigen vectors.
- Functions of single variable; Limit, continuity and differentiability; Mean value theorems, localmaxima and minima; Taylor series; Evaluation of definite and indefinite integrals, application of definite integral to obtain area and volume; Partial derivatives; Total derivative; Gradient, Divergence and Curl, Vector identities; Directional derivatives; Line, Surface and Volume integrals.
Numerical Methods: Error analysis
- Numerical solutions of linear and non-linear algebraic equations, Newton’s and Lagrangepolynomials; numerical differentiation; Integration by trapezoidal and Simpson’s rule; Single and multi-step methods for first order differential equations.
Partial Differential Equation (PDE)
- Fourier series; separation of variables; solutions of one- dimensional diffusion equation; first andsecond order one-dimensional wave equation and two-dimensional Laplace equation.
Probability and Statistics
- Sampling theorems; Conditional probability; Descriptive statistics – Mean, median, mode andstandard deviation; Random Variables – Discrete and Continuous, Poisson and Normal Distribution; Linear regression.
Ordinary Differential Equation (ODE)
- First order (linear and non-linear) equations;higher order linear equations with constant coefficients; Euler-Cauchy equations; initial and boundary value problems.
- System of forces, free-body diagrams, equilibrium equations; Internal forces in structures;Frictions and its applications; Centre of mass; Free Vibrations of undamped SDOF system.
- Bending moment and shear force in statically determinate beams; Simple stress and strainrelationships; Simple bending theory, flexural and shear stresses, shear centre; Uniform torsion, Transformation of stress; buckling of column, combined and direct bending stresses.
- Statically determinate and indeterminate structures by force/ energy methods; Method ofsuperposition; Analysis of trusses, arches, beams, cables and frames; Displacement methods: Slope deflection and moment distribution methods; Influence lines; Stiffness and flexibility methods of structural analysis.
Construction Materials and Management
- Construction Materials: Structural Steel –Composition, material properties and behaviour; Concrete – Constituents, mix design, short-term and long-term properties. Construction Management: Types of construction projects; Project planning and network analysis – PERT and CPM; Cost estimation.
- Working stress and Limit state design concepts; Design of beams, slabs,columns; Bond anddevelopment length; Pre-stressed concrete beams.
- Working stress and Limit state design concepts; Design of tension and compression members,beams and beam- columns, column bases; Connections – simple and eccentric, beam-column connections, plate girders and trusses; Concept of plastic analysis -beams and frames.
- Three-phase system and phase relationships, index properties; Unified and Indian standard soil classification system; Permeability – one dimensional flow, Seepage through soils – two – dimensional flow, flow nets, uplift pressure, piping, capillarity, seepage force; Principle of effective stress and quicksand condition; Compaction of soils; One- dimensional consolidation, time rate of consolidation; Shear Strength,Mohr’s circle, effective and total shear strength parameters, Stress-Strain characteristics of clays and sand; Stress paths.
- Sub-surface investigations – Drilling bore holes, sampling, plate load test, standard penetration and cone penetration tests; Earth pressure theories – Rankine and Coulomb; Stability of slopes – Finite and infinite slopes, Bishop’s method; Stress distribution in soils – Boussinesq’s theory; Pressure bulbs, Shallow foundations – Terzaghi’s and Meyerhoff’s bearing capacity theories, effect of water table;Combined footing and raft foundation; Contact pressure; Settlement analysis in sands and clays; Deep foundations – dynamic and static formulae, Axial load capacity of piles in sands and clays, pile load test, pile under lateral loading, pile group efficiency, negative skin friction.
Water Resources Engineering
- Properties of fluids, fluid statics; Continuity, momentum and energy equations and their applications; Potential flow, Laminar and turbulent flow; Flow in pipes, pipe networks; Concept of boundary layer and its growth; Concept of lift and drag.
- Forces on immersed bodies; Flow measurement in channels and pipes; Dimensional analysis and hydraulic similitude; Channel Hydraulics – Energy-depthrelationships, specific energy, critical flow, hydraulic jump, uniform flow, gradually varied flow and water surface profiles.
- Hydrologic cycle, precipitation, evaporation, evapo-transpiration, watershed, infiltration, unit hydrographs, hydrograph analysis, reservoir capacity, floodestimation and routing, surface run-off models, ground water hydrology – steady state well hydraulics and aquifers; Application of Darcy’s Law.
- Types of irrigation systems and methods; Crop water requirements – Duty, delta, evapo-transpiration; Gravity Dams and Spillways; Lined and unlined canals, Designof weirs on permeable foundation; cross drainage structures.
Water and Waste Water Quality and Treatment
- Basics of water quality standards- Physical,chemical and biological parameters; Water quality index; Unit processes and operations,water requirement; Water distribution system; Drinking water treatment, Sewerage system design, quantity of domestic wastewater, primary and secondary treatment. Effluent discharge standards; Sludge disposal; Reuse of treated sewage for different application.
- Types of pollutants, their sources and impacts, air pollution control, air quality standards, Air qualityIndex and limits.
Municipal Solid Wastes
- Characteristics, generation, collection and transportation of solid wastes, engineeredsystems for solid waste management (reuse/ recycle, energy recovery, treatment and disposal).
- Geometric design of highways – cross-sectional elements, sight distances, horizontal and vertical alignments.Geometric design of railway Track –Speed and Cant. Concept of airport runway length, calculations and corrections; taxiway and exit taxiway design.
- Highway materials – desirable properties and tests; Desirable properties of bituminous paving mixes; Design factors for flexible and rigidpavements; Design of flexible and rigid pavement using IRC codes
- Traffic studies on flow and speed, peak hour factor, accident study, statistical analysis of traffic data; Microscopic and macroscopic parameters of trafficflow, fundamental relationships; Traffic signs; Signal design by Webster’s method; Types of intersections; Highway capacity.
- Principles of surveying; Errors and their adjustment; Maps – scale, coordinate system; Distance and angle measurement – Levelling and trigonometric levelling; Traversing and triangulation survey; Total station; Horizontal and vertical curves. Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing – Scale, flying height; Basics of remote sensing and GIS.
Change in syllabus 2021
|Removed topic||Added topic||Removed topic||Added topic|
|Linear Algebra: NA||Linear Algebra: NA||Calculus: Maclaurin series; Stokes, Gauss and Green’s theorems.||Calculus:NA|
|Ordinary Differential Equation (ODE): Laplace transform and its application in solving Partial Differential Equation (PDE): NA||Ordinary Differential Equation (ODE):NAPartial Differential Equation (PDE): NA||Probability and Statistics: Binomial distributions; exponential distributions;||Probability and Statistics: Discrete and Poisson and Normal Distribution; Linear regression.|
|Numerical Methods: NA||Numerical Methods: Error analysis. NA||Engineering Mechanics: Kinematics of point mass and rigid body; Euler’s equations of motion; Impulse-momentum; Energy methods; Principles of virtual work.||Engineering Mechanics:Free Vibrations of undamped SDOF system.
|Solid Mechanics: Theories of failures;||Solid Mechanics: NA||Structural Analysis: NA||Structural Analysis: NA|
|Construction Materials and Management: Bricks and mortar; Timber; Bitumen.
Tendering and construction contracts; Rate analysis and standard specifications;
|Construction Materials and Management: NA||Concrete Structures: Ultimate load design concepts; Analysis of beam sections at transfer and service loads.||Concrete Structures: NA|
|Steel Structures: NA||Steel Structures: NA||Soil Mechanics: Origin of soils, soil structure and fabric, Darcy’s law; Principle of capillarity, seepage force,||Soil Mechanics: NA|
|Foundation Engineering: method of slices, westergard’s theories
|Foundation Engineering:, pile under lateral loading, pile group efficiency,||Fluid Mechanics: NA||Fluid Mechanics: Concept of lift and drag.|
|Hydraulics: Kinematics of flow, velocity triangles; Basics of hydraulic machines, specific speed of pumps and turbines;||Hydraulics: NA||Hydrology NA||Hydrology: NA|
|Irrigation: head works Water logging and drainage; Canal regulatory works, outlets and escapes.||Irrigation: NA||Environmental Engineering
Water and Waste Water: NA
Air Pollution: Air pollution mertrology
Municipal Solid Wastes: NA
Noise Pollution: Impacts of noise, permissible limits of noise pollution, measurement of noise and control of noise pollution.
Water and Waste Water Quality and Treatment: Reuse of treated sewage for different application
Air Pollution: Air quality Index and limits.
Municipal Solid Wastes: NA
Transportation Infrastructure: Highway alignment and engineering surveys;
Highway Pavements: Design of bituminous paving mixesDistresses in concrete pavements.
Traffic Engineering: travel time – delay and O-D study, PCU, parking study, Control devices, Types of channelization; level of service of rural highways and urban roads.
Transportation Infrastructure: NA
Highway Pavements: NA
Traffic Engineering: NA
|Section 7: Geomatics Engineering
Remote sensing – platform and sensors, visual image interpretation; Basic of Geographical Positioning system (GPS).
|Geomatics Engineering: NA|